Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 individuals (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of a lot more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is element of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan location is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with around four.73 million individuals as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the largest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), a lot more than twice the dimension of Tucson and one particular of the largest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. In spite of this, its canal system led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the original settler’s crops remaining essential elements of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been identified locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city right up until soon after Planet War II, when large-tech companies began to move into the valley and air conditioning created Phoenix’s hot summers a lot more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population growth price more than a 40–yr period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth price slowed throughout the Great Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.